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ANU structure

Here it is, in all its glory, below (Fig. 1). What will affect you most is the grey bit down the left-hand side that says 'ANU Colleges' (and which is expanded in Fig. 2). The Crawford School of Public Policy is part of the ANU College of Asia and the Pacific (CAP), which is why you'll often hear people referring to 'CAP', and why you will often be directed to areas such as 'CAP Admin' or 'CAP Facilities'.


Executive structure.jpg
Fig 1. ANU executive structure

College_Structure.jpg
Fig 2. ANU college structure


Crawford PhD organisational chart

It kind of works like this, except there's also an HDR Administrator for the Arndt-Corden Department of Economics -- so if you're in ACDE, then contact the ACDE Administrator. The chart just shows some general relationships; it does not show reporting lines because we're all equal here, man.

Crawford structure.jpg

Delegated Authority

Either the School Director, School Manager, or the Research Director acts as the Delegated Authority (DA) for PhD matters. The Delegated Authority is ultimately responsible for most day-to-day aspects of your research program and the DA's endorsement is required for all processes affecting your progress. This responsibility is sometimes delegated to one of the Deputy Directors in a DA's absence.

Workload

As a full-time research student you are expected to devote 40 hours a week on average (pro-rata for part-time students) to your research program, with the exception of four weeks' annual recreation leave, which is agreed to and approved by the Chair of the supervisory panel. See the ANU's
Procedure: Higher degree by research - candidature for more information.

Employment

You are permitted to undertake part-time employment if you are a full-time student. There is no maximum number of hours of part-time work you can undertake but you really shouldn't be doing more than 20 hours per week. If you are on a visa, you should consult your visa conditions before undertaking any work, including during the period of the examination of the thesis.

Employment conditions -- REALLY IMPORTANT
Many of you will undertake paid employment during your PhD, sometimes for the ANU, sometimes for other employers. If you enter into a contract to work for the ANU, then you can be sure of getting paid on a regular basis (usually fortnightly) at a standard that either meets or exceedes the legal minimum.

However, if you enter into a contract with another organisation or individual, you may be agreeing to standards that do not meet the legal minimum. This includes organisations and individuals who might be affiliated with the ANU (adjuncts or visitors, for example), but who are seeking to employ you outside of the ANU's employment structure. You should carefully read the terms of any contract you enter into (especially if it's a non-ANU contract), and only sign if the contract meets the National Employment Standards.

It is not OK, for example if your employer wants an arrangement whereby
  • You don't get paid until they get paid. It doesn't matter how your employer gets paid or who pays them, and it doesn't matter if your employer gets paid or not -- if your employer has said they will pay you, then they must pay you, regardless of where the money comes from.
  • You will not be paid on a regular basis. Employees in Australia must be paid at least on a monthly basis. If your employer says they will pay you at the end of a contract, or in a lump sum on a certain date six months from now, then that is not good enough and does meet the National Employment Standards.
  • Your status either as employee or as an independent contractor is uncertain. If you are being asked to 'sub-contract' to a larger contract, then you may well be classed as an independent contractor. This means that you will usually have an ABN (Australian Business Number) and will invoice the person who is sub-contracting you. If you are an independent contractor who has an ABN and who submits invoices, then you carry a large degree of risk as to whether or not you get paid. This will most likely not be you, though -- or at least it should not be you, and you should be clear about your status as independent contractor or employee when entering into work for someone.
  • You are asked to work above the maximum number of hours per week. In Australia, that is 38 ordinary hours per week. If you are being paid on an hourly basis as a casual worker, then, of course, you may work more hours, but again, you must be paid for all the hours you work.
  • You will be working to a standard that does not meet the legal minimums as set out in the National Employment Standards (NES). As the Fair Work Ombudsman's website says, "All employees are covered by the NES, regardless of whether they’ve signed a contract. A contract can’t make employees worse off than their minimum legal entitlements."

Look, we know that this can be difficult for students: you have an offer of employment, you want to get your academic career kick-started, build your reputation in your field, etc., etc. And of course you need the money, you need to finish your PhD, feed the family ... all of which can make any offer of academic work very tempting. But it can also mean that you are vulnerable to exploitation -- and PhD students can be exploited in the kinds of academic work that they take on.

If you are not getting paid for work that you are doing, then regardless of the contract you have signed you still have a right to be renumerated (see the last bullet point, above, "A contract can’t make employees worse off than their minimum legal entitlements").

If you ever want to discuss a possible or current employment situation with us at Crawford PhD, then let us know (we know of some potential employers who have a record of not paying students and should therefore be avoided); if you'd rather not discuss it with us, then contact PARSA.

In the meantime, we strongly recommend that you take up the offer of free union membership of the NTEU for postgrad students and if you are in paid employment, or considering undertaking paid employment, that you join as a full member. Yearly membership for a casual employee earning under $10,000 a year is $55 and is tax deductible.

For more information, visit the Fair Work Ombudsman's website and the Fair Work Commission website.

Requirement for institutional affiliation by someone who wants to contract you
Some potential employers will want you to register an institutional affiliation for insurance purposes. Unless you are employed by the University and have the authority of the University to enter into contracts in the ANU’s name, you definitely cannot enter into an agreement that implies or states you have such authority or that you are affiliated with the ANU. Contact PARSA's legal advisor if you have any questions or concerns about such matters.

Here are some useful ANU links:
Part-time & casual work
Casual employment for ANU students
CareerHub

Attendance and absences

The minimum attendance requirement at the University is 18 months for full-time and 24 months for part-time candidates at the ANU, unless you have approved external status, in which case the minimum attendance requirement is four weeks. For information on PhD attendance requirements, including those for part-timers, see the ANU's Procedure: Higher degree by research - candidature. In any event, it is actually good for you to come into campus every so often, just to keep in touch with the PhD community and to let us know how you are going. So, don't be a stranger!

You must advise of any likely absence while you are on-course: this includes your annual (aka 'recreation') leave entitlement of four weeks, and fieldwork and conference attendance. Any program and scholarship leave must be formally approved and an application should be submitted well in advance of the date at which leave is envisaged to commence. Any absence requests must be submitted in a timely manner.

Candidates should be aware that unapproved absences could result in their being in breach of the conditions of admission or scholarship award or, for international students, their visa conditions.

Annual (aka 'recreation') leave

It is really, really important that you take the annual ('recreation') leave that owes to you. PhD students often neglect to take proper time off, thinking for some reason that the often-'unstructured' nature of the PhD somehow balances out any 'time off' you might be eligible for/actually need. The PhD is hard work and part of that hard work is recognising that sometimes you have days or even weeks of being unproductive -- but being unproductive is not the same as having proper time off. Having time off increases your productivity in the long-run.

Please advise your supervisor when taking annual leave and complete the Notification of annual leave form and lodge it with the HDR Administrator. If, for some reason, you don't get around to applying for annual leave, but nevertheless are absent from the university (i.e., you take off back home to visit family and friends), you should still pay us the courtesy of letting us know that you will be away; you don't need to tell us where you are going, but we need to know if you are not around, just in case anything happens and we need to get in touch. A situation arose, for example, during the Jakarta attacks of 2016 when the School needed to get in touch with students who might have been in Indonesia at the time to make sure they were OK. A good number of such students had not recorded their travel plans or absences with us, meaning that we could not immediately confirm the safety of our people (yes, we see you as 'our people' because we care about our community!); instead, we had to rely on text messages to 'people who might know where someone is' and Facebook posts to gather information on people's possible locations -- not an ideal situation. So, please let us know when you are on leave.

Candidates should be aware that unapproved leave could result in their being in breach of the conditions of admission or scholarship award or, for international students, their visa conditions.

See the ANU's Procedure: Higher degree by research - candidature and the page on research program leave for more info.



Fieldwork

Some students will need to undertake fieldwork as an integral part of their research. Your supervisor, in consultation with you, will make judgments on the necessity for fieldwork and on its scope. Fieldwork refers to the collection of primary data for the purpose of meeting a specific research goal and that is directly used in the final presentation of the research (i.e., the thesis). Examples of fieldwork include undertaking participant observation, conducting interviews and focus groups, and undertaking surveys or similar data collection methods that require direct engagement with participants. Experiments are not counted as fieldwork as they are typically conducted in a controlled environment. The collection of secondary data and attendance at meetings and similar are also not defined as fieldwork as they do not involve the collection of primary data that will be used in the final presentation of the research.

Students going on fieldwork must undertake the requisite fieldwork and risk management training required by ANU. All fieldwork students must do the course WHHR30 WHS and fieldwork safety and, where necessary, WHHR14 First aid: remote area training (see below).

If you intend to go on fieldwork, you will need to
  • Follow the ANU's procedure for fieldwork health and off-campus work safety. It is important that people intending on going on fieldwork read and implement the ANU's procedure for fieldwork health and off-campus work safety. You should be familiar with this procedure. In particular, you should pay attention to the discussion regarding hazards and risks likely to be encountered, and you should put in place appropriate measures or actions before you go on fieldwork. Our advice is that students and supervisors discuss these actions and measures between yourselves and make a record of that discussion.
  • Undertake WHHR30 WHS and fieldwork safety training. This workshop is compulsory for all CAP HDR students participating in fieldwork or off-campus work for the first time as ANU staff or students. For details about upcoming dates and to register log in to ISIS and check your training tab. Please note, though, if a course it not scheduled for the next couple of months, it will not be displayed there until the next class becomes available. It is important that you do your fieldwork training early; the courses are not run every week, so if you leave it to the last minute you may miss out on the opportunity to get into the field, as you will not be permitted on fieldwork until you have completed the training. You should enrol via ISIS and you will need a budget code as well as additional registration information, in which case you should email the PhD Academic and Research Skills Advisor for said code. If you cannot register via ISIS, then email <ohstraining@anu.edu.au> and let them know what course you want to attend.
  • Be trained in remote area first aid and have a remote area first aid certificate if you are conducting fieldwork in a remote area (see section 57 of the ANU's procedure for fieldwork health and off-campus work safety). You should therefore undertake the WHHR14 First aid: remote area course if you are conducting fieldwork in a remote* area (see the end of this section for a definition). The remote area course is essentially the regular, two-day (sometimes referred to as 'advanced') first-aid course, with a third day tacked on to cover 'remote' first aid; this means it is a three-day course, and it is usually delivered over three weeks. We will not send you on this course unless you have passed your TPR or, if you have not yet cleared your TPR milestone, your supervisor approves your attendance (contact the PhD Academic and Research Skills Advisor for details). You should enrol via ISIS and you will need a budget code as well as additional registration information, in which case you should email the PhD Academic and Research Skills Advisor for said code. If you cannot register via ISIS, then email <ohstraining@anu.edu.au> and let them know what course you want to attend.
  • Complete the online Travel approval form in eForms at least two weeks prior to departure. If you are planning to visit a high risk destination, please advise the HDR Administrator. See Travel approval and the ANU's Procedure: Travel to high risk destinations for more information.
  • Go over the Elements for consideration in fieldwork and off-campus work and determine how they affect you (this document takes the form of an appendix to the ANU's procedure for fieldwork health and off-campus work safety).
  • Complete a fieldwork plan (there is no template for this -- you can make up your own schedule) and register it with the HDR Administrator. Your application for fieldwork will need to be accompanied by a supporting statement from your supervisor and a budget statement before the Research Director will approve your travel on fieldwork.

The Crawford School may provide some funding to support moderate fieldwork costs if these are not already being supported from other sources. You must advise of any likely absence while you are on-course: this includes fieldwork. Any absence requests must be formally approved must be submitted in a timely manner.

*Remote: A location separated from an appropriately resourced urban centre by distance, terrain, access, time and/or available communication links. A remote area may be on land or water. A remote area is not necessarily related to the distance from an urban centre. In the event of an emergency, assistance would be delayed, with the possibility of adverse outcomes. The key here is that emergency response if or when needed would be significantly delayed.

Conference attendance

You must advise of any likely absences while you are on-course: this includes attendance at conferences outside Canberra. Any absence requests must be formally approved must be submitted in a timely manner. You need to fill in the online Travel approval form if you want to attend a conference outside Canberra. This form will cover you for insurance purposes. That makes it important. See Travel approval, below, for more information.

Travel approval

When you travel for conferences, fieldwork, and so on, you need to complete an online ANU Approval to Travel form. This also acts as your travel insurance. If you have applied to Crawford for funding, you must wait until you have confirmation that the funding has been considered and approved by the HDR Committee before you submit a travel approval request online -- otherwise, the travel request cannot be granted. If you have submitted but not yet received an approval for admission to the degree letter and you are travelling on university business, you should also still submit an approval form.

Once you have email confirmation that part or all of your funding request has been approved by the Committee, there are a few fields in the online form where you need the following information to complete the application:
  • Payment method: “Direct payment” must be selected. If “Advance payment” is ticked, funds received via advance payment will have to be repaid in full.
  • Domestic travel delegate: Margaret Eichholzer
  • International travel delegate: Helen Sullivan

Part-time students

Part-time students are expected to pursue their research for 20 hours a week for 48 weeks of the year. Most of your enrolment is handled on a pro-rata basis. Your annual report, however, is not: it is due every year. For information on PhD attendance requirements, including those for part-timers, see the ANU's Procedure: Higher degree by research - candidature. You have the same access and rights to resources as full-time students.

If you are a part-time student it is really important that you keep in touch with what is going on at Crawford PhD and that you avail yourself of services as and when you need them. It can be too easy to feel or become isolated when you are part-time so do keep in touch. And if you think you can work full-time and study part-time, then good luck to you -- honestly: you might manage it, but then again, you might not. You will need to keep a close eye on your own progress and make adjustments accordingly.

Copyediting

If deemed necessary, Crawford will organise a copyeditor to copyedit your thesis before submission. You need to allow about 3 weeks for the copy editing process: 2 weeks for the copy editor to work on your text, and 1 week for you to make final changes. Copyediting will not be organised unless your supervisor agrees that your text is at the copyediting stage. Please note only the main chapters (including the general introduction and general conclusion) of your thesis will be copyedited: front matter, references, appendices, and similar will be excluded from the copyedit. For more information, visit the copyediting page on the Crawford PhD wiki.